Introduction to Angular HttpClient with examples

Using HttpClient in Angular with examples

Most of the web applications use HTTP protocol to get the data from the server or to post the data to the server.

Angular provides a built in HttpClient API to communicate with the back-end server for such operations.

What is Angular HttpClient?

Angular HttpClient is service class part of @angular/common/http which is used to performs HTTP requests.

HttpClient comes with several built-in methods to communicate with the back-end server via HTTP protocol.

Angular HttpClient features

Angular HttpClient depends upon on the XMLHttpRequest interface exposed by browsers.

It has so many features such as

  1. We can request typed response objects.
  2. Better error handling when a server request fails, and retry mechanism if required.
  3. We can easily mock the HTTP backend server using @angular/common/http/testing library for unit testing purpose.
  4. Intercepting Http Request and Responses.

Steps to Use HttpClinet in Angular

To use HttpClient in Angular applications follow the below steps.

  1. import HttpClientModule from @angular/common/http in Angular’s app.module.ts file.
  2. Add HttpClientModule to the imports array of NgModule.
  3. Finally inject the HttpClient service in application class or service as a dependency.

Adding in app.module.ts file

We need to import the HttpClientModule after BrowserModule in imports array as shown below.

import { NgModule } from '@angular/core';
import { BrowserModule } from '@angular/platform-browser';
import { HttpClientModule } from '@angular/common/http';

  imports: [
    // import HttpClientModule after BrowserModule.
  declarations: [
  bootstrap: [ AppComponent ]
export class AppModule {}

Using HttpClient Service.

Now we can inject HttpClient service in constructor of application class or service.

import { Injectable } from '@angular/core';
import { HttpClient } from '@angular/common/http';

export class ApplicationService {
  constructor(private httpClient: HttpClient) { }

Now we can use this.httpClient object to perform HTTP requests from the application service.

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