Query Parameters in Angular with examples

how to use query parameters in Angular

Using Query parameters in Angular, we can pass optional parameters to angular routes in our applications.

There are two ways we can pass query parameters in angular.

  1. Using Router.navigate
  2. Using RouterLink.

We will go through few examples to understand further.

Pass query parameters to Router.navigate using queryParams.

If you are navigating to a route using Router.navigate, we can pass query parameters to navigate method using queryParams property.

For example to navigatre to list of books orderby price, we can pass orderby parameter using queryParams as shown below.

goToBooks() {
  this.router.navigate(['/books'], { queryParams: { orderby: 'price' } });
}

The resulting Url will be

http://localhost:4200/books?orderby=price

Passing multiple query parameters.

queryParams property accepts object as a value.

To pass multiple query parameters to router.navigate we can construct an object with list of parametrs and pass it on to queryParams.

For example to display books under category fiction and orderby price, use the below code snippet.

goToBooks() {
  this.router.navigate(['/books'], { queryParams: { orderby: 'price',category:'fiction' } });
}

The resulting Url with multiple parameters is

http://localhost:4200/books?orderby=price&category=fiction

Preserving query parameters using queryParamsHandling

Using queryParamsHanding property we can preserve or merge query parameters in Angular.

In Angular, query parameters are lost when we navigate from one route to another route.

In the above example if we are navigating from http://localhost:4200/books?orderby=price to other route http://localhost:4200/e-books orderby parameter will be lost.

To preserve query parameters in Angular on any subsequent navigation action we can use queryParamsHanding property with preserve value.

//Current route
//http://localhost:4200/books?orderby=price

goToeBooks() {
  this.router.navigate(['/e-books'], { queryParamsHandling: 'preserve' });
}

The resulting Url will be

http://localhost:4200/e-books?orderby=price

Merging query parameters using queryParamsHandling.

Two merge both previous route parameters and current route parameters we can set queryParamsHandling to the value merge.

goToeBooks() {
  this.router.navigate(['/e-books'], { queryParams: { type:'kindle' },queryParamsHandling: 'merge' });
}

Now the resulting url will contain both parameters.

http://localhost:4200/e-books?orderby=price&type=kindle

To pass query parameters while navigation to route using routerLink directive, use the below code snippet.

<a [routerLink]="['/books']" [queryParams]="{ orderby: 'price'}">
  Books
</a>

Similarly we can use queryParamsHandling to preserve or merge parameters.

<a [routerLink]="['/e-books']"
   [queryParams]="{ type: 'kindle' }"
   queryParamsHandling="merge">
  e-books
</a>

Difference between query parameters and Angular route parameters.

There are two main differences between Query parameters and angular route parameters.

  1. Angular route parameters are available only on one route, where as we can pass query parameters to any route.
  2. Query parameters are optional. But if you are not passing angular route parameters we will get 404 error.

To access or get query parameters from URL go through the following post.

Get Query Parameters from URL route

Summary.

  1. Using queryParams we can pass query parameters to angular route.
  2. Using queryParamsHandling we can preserve or merge query parameters.

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Arunkumar Gudelli

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