Progress Bar in Angular using mat-progress-bar | Material Design

Learn how to create beautiful progress bar in Angular using material design

We can create a beautiful Progress bar in Angular using material design component mat-progress-bar.

<mat-progress-bar> is a horizontal progress bar in Angular, used to inform users about the progress of ongoing tasks like loading a webpage, reading position indicator of a web page or submitting the form data to the server etc. by following material design specifications.

This mat-progress-bar is part of angular material module called MatProgressBarModule.

In this tutorial we learn how to use angular material progress bar in our daily projects by implementing reading position indicator in a webpage.

Angular Material Progress Bar

Steps to implement Progress Bar in Angular

Step 1: Import Angular MatProgressBarModule

To use mat-progress-bar we need to import MatProgressBarModule from @angular/material

import {MatProgressBarModule} from '@angular/material'

Step 2: Use mat-progress-bar selector in component html

After importing angular material progress bar module. We can use <mat-progress-bar> selector in component html file.

<mat-progress-bar value=40></mat-progress-bar>

Step 3: Give percentage to Progress bar

mat-progress-bar value property represents the progress of an on going process.

The property value range is from 0 to 100.

Its basically percentage of Angular material progress bar.

Step 4: Style Progress bar or Change the color of mat-progress-bar

We can use color property of mat-progress-bar to change the color of the progress bar.

The default color is themes primary color. We can change it to accent or warn.

mat-progress-bar types or mode

Angular material progress bar mat-progress-bar supports four different types of progress bars.

  1. Determinate mode
  2. Indeterminate mode
  3. Buffer mode
  4. Query mode

mode property used to decides type of progress bar. Default mode is determinate mode. As explained above.

A progress bar contains two elements

  1. track
  2. indicator

Progress bar indicator display progress by animating the indicator along fixed visible track usually width of webpage.

The indicator behavior is dependent on mode property of mat-progress-bar.

mat-progress-bar determinate mode

When we know the process completion time before, we use determinate mode. As explained above read position indicator example.

The progress bar indicator increases it’s width from 0 to 100% on the track, in sync with the process progress.

<mat-progress-bar mode="determinate" value=50></mat-progress-bar>

value property indicates the progress of the process.

In Google Chrome mobile browser loading of webpage usually indicated by determinate progress bar.

mat-progress-bar indeterminate mode

When we don’t know how much time it will take to complete the process we will use indeterminate mode.

Sometimes the user is asked to wait for some time, while something finishes like submitting the form data to server or doing some background work.

In that cases,It’s not required to indicate how much time it will take to complete.

<mat-progress-bar mode="indeterminate" *ngIf="IsWait"></mat-progress-bar>

We can use *ngIf to display the mat-progress-bar. Ones ngIf condition becomes false. Progress bar will be removed.

value property is ignored in this indeterminate mode.

Google products like adwords uses indeterminate progress bar.

mat-progress-bar buffer mode

Buffer mode is useful when we want to display the progress in steps.

For example we have a process that is divided into four sub tasks.

Each task completion represented by buffer indicator. And the overall progress represented by normal progress bar indicator along the track.

<mat-progress-bar mode="buffer" value=25 bufferValue=50></mat-progress-bar>

bufferValue property indicates buffer indicator progress.

Make sure bufferValue is greater than value.Otherwise buffer indicator progress hidden by normal progress indicator.

mat-progress-bar query mode

Query mode is useful when we want to show pre loading of progress.

Once the process loading starts mode should be changed to determinate or indeterminate mode to show the progress of the action.

In query mode mat-progress-bar value property is ignored.

<mat-progress-bar mode="query"></mat-progress-bar>

See the different types of progress modes demo example

mat-progress-bar example

How we can use progress bar in our daily projects?

To understand this we will develop a reading position indicator using mat-progress-bar

Reading position indicator in Angular using mat-progress-bar

We will implement reading position indicator,based upon scroll position of webpage.

We should calculate the percentage of scroll position and assign it to angular material progress bar percentage property i.e., value property.

We will add a new component in our Angular project called progress-bar

export class ProgressBarComponent implements OnInit {
 progresValue:number;
 rangeArray:number[];
 constructor() { 
  this.progresValue =0;
  this.rangeArray= new Array(100);
 }

@HostListener("window:scroll", [])
onWindowScroll() {
 var element = document.documentElement, 
 body = document.body,
 scrollTop = 'scrollTop',
 scrollHeight = 'scrollHeight';
 this.progresValue = 
 (element[scrollTop]||body[scrollTop]) / 
 ((element[scrollHeight]||body[scrollHeight]) - element.clientHeight) * 100;
}
ngOnInit() {
}
}

progressValue property binds to value property of mat-progress-bar selector. rangeArray used to generate dummy content.

And @HostListener decorator used to track window scroll event.

As the value property is between 0 to 100. All we need to do is calculate scroll percentage and assign it to progressValue

<mat-progress-bar [value]="progresValue" *ngIf="progresValue > 0">
</mat-progress-bar>
<div>
<p *ngFor="let i of rangeArray">
Angular Progress Bar
</p>
</div>

*ngIf used to display mat-progress-bar only when the value is greater than 0. Otherwise an empty progress bar track displayed on top of webpage.

.mat-progress-bar{
 position:fixed;
 top:0px;
}

To fix the progress bar on top of the web page. I have added the above css to .mat-progress-bar class.

See the read position indicator demo.

mat-progress-bar is not a known element

If you miss importing Angular material progress bar module MatProgressBarModule.You will get mat-progress-bar is not a known element error.

It is better to import all material module in once place as explained in Angular Material tutorial

mat-progress-bar properties

We will summarise all the mat-progress-bar properties in one place.

MatProgressBar propertyDescription
valueIndicates the progress bar value. Range is 0 to 100. Default value is 0
modemode values are determinate,indeterminate,buffer, query. Default mode is determinate.
bufferValuebufferValue indicates value of buffer indicator of buffered progress value
colorThemePalette of the theme. defaults to primary.
progressbarIdID of the material progress bar.
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Arunkumar Gudelli

I am One among a million Software engineers of India. I write beautiful markup.I make the Web useful.

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