Dynamically Change NgIf Then,Else Templates At Runtime In Angular

ngif vs hidden or display:none

We can take full advantage of ngIfThen,ngIfElse template references in *ngIf directive to change then or else templates dynamically at runtime. Go through the below example to understand it further.

Understanding Angular’s NgIf, Else, Then With Examples

I have created a component called NgifthenelseComponent in my Angular project.

import { Component, OnInit,ViewChild, TemplateRef } from '@angular/core';

@Component({
selector:'app-ngifthenelse',
templateUrl:'./ngifthenelse.component.html',
styleUrls: ['./ngifthenelse.component.css']
})

export class NgifthenelseComponent implements OnInit {

show:boolean;

constructor() {
this.show=true;
}
thenTemplate:TemplateRef<any>|null=null;
@ViewChild('primaryTemplate')
primaryTemplate:TemplateRef<any>|null=null;

@ViewChild('secondaryTemplate')
secondaryTemplate:TemplateRef<any>|null=null;

switchThenTemplate() {
this.thenTemplate= 
 (this.thenTemplate===this.primaryTemplate) ?
 this.secondaryTemplate:
 this.primaryTemplate;
}
ngOnInit() {
 this.thenTemplate=this.primaryTemplate;
}
}

Make sure you import ViewChild and TemplateRef from @angular/core

And the corresponding component template file is

<button mat-button (click)="show = !show">{{show ? 'hide' : 'show'}}</button>
<button mat-button (click)="switchThenTemplate()">Switch Then Template</button>
show = {{show}}
<br>
<div *ngIf="show; then thenTemplate; else elseTemplate">
   Inline template Ignored
</div>
<ng-template #primaryTemplate>
  Default Primary then Template
</ng-template>
<ng-template #secondaryTemplate>
  Secondary then Template
</ng-template>
<ng-template #elseTemplate>
  Else Template
</ng-template>

The above template being converted to

<button mat-button (click)="show = !show">{{show ? 'hide' : 'show'}}</button>
<button mat-button (click)="switchThenTemplate()">Switch Then Template</button>
show = {{show}}
<br>
<ng-template [ngIf]="show" [ngIfThen]="thenTemplate" [ngIfElse]="elseTemplate">
<div>
Inline template Ignored
</div>
</ng-template>
<ng-template #primaryTemplate>
Default Primary then Template
</ng-template>
<ng-template #secondaryTemplate>
Secondary then Template
</ng-template>
<ng-template #elseTemplate>
Else Template
</ng-template>

Whenever we click on Switch Then Template button then template being toggle between primary and secondary template which is assigned to [ngIfThen] template reference.

<ng-template> being passed to NgIf class inputs ngIfThen and ngIfElse via TemplateRef see more at What Is Ng-Template In Angular?

And we can add as many as templates based upon our conditions.

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Arunkumar Gudelli

I am One among a million Software engineers of India. I write beautiful markup.I make the Web useful.

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